Agriculture Sector Development Program (ASDP)

Agriculture Sector Development Program (ASDP) project preparation was implemented with grant support from Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Nepal. CMS undertook the consulting assignment in partnership with FCG ANZDEC Limited, New Zealand.

The project preparatory technical assistance (TA) is needed for conducting technical, economic, financial, environmental, and social due diligence for the Agriculture Sector Development Program.

The major objective of the project was to 1) Prepare the design and monitoring framework 2) Conduct  economic and financial analysis 3) Prepare program framework and policy matrix 4) Conduct financial management assessment, cost estimates and financing planning 5) Prepare procurement plan, terms of reference for consulting services, and plan for improving economic opportunities for women and disadvantaged groups 6) Ensure social and environmental safeguards 7) Prepare capacity-building plan for local government institutions and various ministries 8) Manage implementation arrangements and implementation schedule. Developed project focused on (i) Policy improvements (ii) Development of market infrastructure and (iii) Agriculture roads.

As a Consultant, CMS was involved in the following works:

  • Reviewed available reports and literature, conducted gap analysis and stock assessment on the subject;
  • Conducted initial consultation and prepared detailed TA work plan;
  • Organized a series of stakeholders’ workshop to present findings and discuss innovative options;
  • Conceptualized the sector development program including the design and monitoring framework;
  • Conducted technical, economic, and financial assessments;
  • Conducted financial management, procurement;
  • Studied anti-corruption measures, policy and legal;
  • Studied capacity development and other institutional issues and mechanisms;
  • Studied poverty reduction, followed by social impact assessment; and
  • Assessed Safeguards (environment, involuntary resettlement, and indigenous peoples).

Sikta Irrigation Project

The concept of the Sikta Irrigation Project was first envisaged during the pre-feasibility studies conducted from 1975 to 1976. It was contained in the report on the then proposed Western Rapti Multipurpose Development, which included the construction of High Dam at Bhalubang of Dang District with a storage reservoir to serve irrigation and hydropower development purposes in West Rapti Basin and adjacent areas such as Kapilvastu. Lahmeyer International GmbH, a German company completed the feasibility study for Sikta Irrigation Project in August 1980 based on a run-of-the-river diversion gravity scheme, which uses the potential energy of the river to meet the desired engineering objectives. Further studies were carried out on the particular scheme by Department of Irrigation, Hydrology and Meteorology, which was culminated in June 1983. However, the project was not executed immediately owing to lack of external funding. In 2002, the project was reassessed by Irrigation Development Project- Mid Western Region (IDP-MWR) and the feasibility studies were submitted in 2004 after going through rigorous field investigations. The study justified the technical, economic and social viability of the project.

The Sikta Irrigation Project is situated in the Banke District of the Mid Western Development Region. The project was originally envisaged to develop detailed irrigation systems/infrastructures to irrigate the total area of 33,766 ha, including the rehabilitation of Dunduwa Irrigation System, constructed by Indian Cooperation Mission in 1964, on the right side of Rapti River. Additional 1,800 ha including the command area of existing Rajkulo Irrigation System on the left side of the river was also incorporated within the project. IN 2007, the Department of Irrigation conducted a feasibility study for additional 9000 ha of agricultural land, which included 2,500 ha of Fattepur Irrigation System, thus increasing the total command area of Sikta Irrigation Project to nearly 43,000 ha. Sikta Irrigation Project turned out to be an ambitious development scheme, which was capable of irrigating almost all the low lands of Banke District, thus securing a very pivotal position for the long-term economic prosperity of the region.

The project was initially planned to complete in nine years, starting from Fiscal Year 062/63 and ending in Fiscal Year 2070/2071. Due to various reasons, the initial plan was revised and approved in 2071, which is as indicated below.

As a Consultant, CMS has been involved in Sikta Irrigation Project in the following works:

  • Construction supervision and management of the Headworks (317 m long barrage and RC road bridge, settling basin, flushing system) – Phase I, Step 1 – completed.
  • construction and Main Canal of 50 m3/s discharge capacity from 0+614 km to 15+000 km – Phase II, Part 1 – completed.
  • Feasibility Study of Left Side Command Area and Command Area Survey of Sidaniya Branch of Sikta Irrigation Project – completed
  • Detailed Planning, Engineering Design of Branch Canals and Associated Command Area Development of Sikta Irrigation Project (phase III, Part 1) – on going.



Irrigation and Water Resource Management

Irrigation and Water Resource Management Project (IWRMP) has four major components.

Component-A: Irrigation Infrastructure Development and Improvement

Component-B: Irrigation Management Transfer

Component-C: Institution and Policy Support for Improved Water Management

Component-D: Integrated Crop and Water Management

The objective of the Irrigation Infrastructure Development and Improvement (Component-A) is to improve irrigation water service delivery in selected schemes in the 40 districts of the western regions and to expand and improve groundwater irrigation in the Terai

Under the Component-A, the initial scope of the IWRMP was to improve and develop about 168 FMIS and 60 deep tube-well (DTW) groundwater schemes covering 26,392 ha and 2,100 ha, respectively.  In addition to the infrastructure development, the project has provision for supporting the capacity building of the Department of Irrigation (DOI) and the WUAs with training, workshops, study tours, foreign training, and technical assistance. This project has focused on institutional development and capacity building of WUA to make them self-sustained. The overall project scope was revised and by the end of July 2014, 134 subprojects covering 19,908 ha and 60 deep tube-wells (DTW) were approved out of which 112 subprojects were completed providing irrigation facilities to 13,832 ha. The remaining 22 subprojects have been reported to be completed by July 2015.

Subsequently, Additional Financing was approved which became effective from July 2014 and the closing date of which is June 30, 2018. Under the scope of IWRMP-AF, Component-A, the scope is to rehabilitate and modernize 75 subprojects covering 6,900 ha and 34 DTWs covering 6,460 ha, thus providing reliable irrigation to 13,360 ha.

CMS provided Technical Assistance Support for the Implementation of Component A, which was completed in June 2014. CMS is again the Technical Assistance Support Consultant for Component A of IWRMP-AF. The service started since March 2016 and will be completed in June 2018.