Implementation of Community Managed Seed Program

Implementation of Community Managed Seed Program is being implemented by Department of Agriculture with grand support from the World Bank to implement seed program in 21 Hill districts. Its Contract ID is: IWRMP/AF/CS/2009-10#2. The project envisaged to develop and establish commercially viable community based seed production and marketing groups in remote project area to undertake various activities such as seed multiplication, marketing of seeds, grading and quality control and first level processing and linkages with market for increased production and productivity of major food grains, targeting toward sustaining food security in the country.

As a Consultant, CMS accomplished the following:

  • Conducted feasibility studies, baseline and market survey to identify the feasibility of community-based seed production, establishment of community seed centre and marketing program in 21 remote hill districts, targeting the disadvantaged groups;
  • Identified 38 areas of relevance, facilitated them (local farmers) to form the groups, trained them in establishment of community seed centers, and imparted skills pertaining to seed production, collection, processing and marketing of quality seeds;
  • The construction of 38 seed centers were contracted out to the farmer groups and the local farmers were trained to work in construction for the promotion of local employment and for ownership feeling. Local farmers have been trained and engaged in the operation of the seed processing machines and other operation and maintenance of the seed center. In addition, a total of 853 numbers of farmers were extensively trained on Seed Technology through the training program of 15 days duration.
  • Provided assistance to the Regional Seed Testing Laboratories (RSTL) for quality assurance, certification and tagging of the seed lots produced under these 38 seed centers. Provided week long training on Seed Certification and Management to 29 RSTL and SQCC staff. Similarly, 110 DADO staffs were provided with ToTs of 15 days duration.
  • Developed guidelines for establishing a Revolving Fund and mobilization of grant amount to each seed centers for supporting the purchase of seeds from individual contract farmers;
  • Established mechanism for mentoring, backstopping and monitoring effectiveness of the farmers groups on regular basis and for revising and adapting planning & implementing arrangement to respond to the emerging needs and demands on the ground.
  • Developed and printed the “Trainer’s Manual in Seed Technology” for wider circulation.

Agriculture Sector Development Program (ASDP)

Agriculture Sector Development Program (ASDP) project preparation was implemented with grant support from Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Nepal. CMS undertook the consulting assignment in partnership with FCG ANZDEC Limited, New Zealand.

The project preparatory technical assistance (TA) is needed for conducting technical, economic, financial, environmental, and social due diligence for the Agriculture Sector Development Program.

The major objective of the project was to 1) Prepare the design and monitoring framework 2) Conduct  economic and financial analysis 3) Prepare program framework and policy matrix 4) Conduct financial management assessment, cost estimates and financing planning 5) Prepare procurement plan, terms of reference for consulting services, and plan for improving economic opportunities for women and disadvantaged groups 6) Ensure social and environmental safeguards 7) Prepare capacity-building plan for local government institutions and various ministries 8) Manage implementation arrangements and implementation schedule. Developed project focused on (i) Policy improvements (ii) Development of market infrastructure and (iii) Agriculture roads.

As a Consultant, CMS was involved in the following works:

  • Reviewed available reports and literature, conducted gap analysis and stock assessment on the subject;
  • Conducted initial consultation and prepared detailed TA work plan;
  • Organized a series of stakeholders’ workshop to present findings and discuss innovative options;
  • Conceptualized the sector development program including the design and monitoring framework;
  • Conducted technical, economic, and financial assessments;
  • Conducted financial management, procurement;
  • Studied anti-corruption measures, policy and legal;
  • Studied capacity development and other institutional issues and mechanisms;
  • Studied poverty reduction, followed by social impact assessment; and
  • Assessed Safeguards (environment, involuntary resettlement, and indigenous peoples).

Safeguards and Social Development Support for Melamchi Valley Subproject (Institutional and Environmental Support)

Safeguards and Social Development Support for Melamchi Valley Subproject is being implemented by Melamchi Water Supply Development Board with grant support from Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Melamchi & Mudan Valleys. CMS has undertaken the consulting assignment under the joint venture partnership with ICON Consultants Nepal (P) Ltd., Nepal.

The Melamchi Water Supply Project is being implemented to ease the chronic water shortage situation within the Kathmandu Valley by diverting about 170 MLD of fresh water from the Melamchi River. During the implementation, the Project is also providing social and environmental support to the local communities by implementing a social upliftment program. The total project cost is estimated to be US$ 450 million.

As a Consultant, CMS has been involved in Safeguards and Social Development Support for Melamchi Valley Subproject in the following Institutional & Environmental works:


  • Assisting the Project in social uplift and capacity building by improving SUP implementation guidelines and implementation systems;
  • Designed and developed a social development program with significant community participation ownership and empowerment;
  • Provided project management skills to support Social, Environmental and Public Relation activities under the subprojects;
  • Ensured compliance of the subproject with social and environmental safeguard requirements of both GoN and ADB
  • Provided technical advisory and capacity building services to the Melamchi Water Supply Development Board (MWSDB), the Hyolmo Sindhu Melamchi Valley Social Upliftment Programme (HSMVSUPIC) and other similar local committees formed to assist the MWSDB in implementing any component of the project, if any, and associated project stakeholders on all social, environmental, public relation, community development and SUP implementation related activities;
  • Supported in institutional development of HSMVSUPIC implementation committee (user group registration as NGO covering 14 VDCs) by developing constitution, registering at DAO, Chautara;
  • Supported in identification of local infrastructure subprojects (rural roads, drinking water schemes, school buildings, health post, Irrigation canals, soil conservation and landslide protection etc.);
  • Carried out survey, design and contract award to local guides and supervision of construction, monitoring and O& M of local infrastructures.
  • Organized and carried out special events (e.g. field visits by GoN representatives, donor agencies, etc.) as required by the MWSDB including media liaison, presentations on the Public Information Program, logistics, preparation of materials and coordination of other items;
  • Supporting the project against local disturbances and to run the project smoothly by addressing local grievances in time;
  • Ensured uninterruptible conduction of construction activities of project components by safeguarding the local disturbances;
  • Developed Training Modules and provided training to two levels of stakeholders organizations;
  • Developed 14 cooperatives covering 14 VDCs to implement the income generation activities; and
  • Carried out the resettlement activities, land acquisition, components determinations and grievances handling.


  • Monitored quality of resources (assessed noise, air, forest and water pollution);
  • Assessed compliance of ADB and GoN environmental guidelines and regulations;
  • Monitored impact on flora and fauna due to MWSP;
  • Improved management effectiveness through appropriate activities relating to river discharge, fishery, nursery and laboratory development; and
  • Improved project effectiveness relating to resettlement and public relation issues.



Sikta Irrigation Project

The concept of the Sikta Irrigation Project was first envisaged during the pre-feasibility studies conducted from 1975 to 1976. It was contained in the report on the then proposed Western Rapti Multipurpose Development, which included the construction of High Dam at Bhalubang of Dang District with a storage reservoir to serve irrigation and hydropower development purposes in West Rapti Basin and adjacent areas such as Kapilvastu. Lahmeyer International GmbH, a German company completed the feasibility study for Sikta Irrigation Project in August 1980 based on a run-of-the-river diversion gravity scheme, which uses the potential energy of the river to meet the desired engineering objectives. Further studies were carried out on the particular scheme by Department of Irrigation, Hydrology and Meteorology, which was culminated in June 1983. However, the project was not executed immediately owing to lack of external funding. In 2002, the project was reassessed by Irrigation Development Project- Mid Western Region (IDP-MWR) and the feasibility studies were submitted in 2004 after going through rigorous field investigations. The study justified the technical, economic and social viability of the project.

The Sikta Irrigation Project is situated in the Banke District of the Mid Western Development Region. The project was originally envisaged to develop detailed irrigation systems/infrastructures to irrigate the total area of 33,766 ha, including the rehabilitation of Dunduwa Irrigation System, constructed by Indian Cooperation Mission in 1964, on the right side of Rapti River. Additional 1,800 ha including the command area of existing Rajkulo Irrigation System on the left side of the river was also incorporated within the project. IN 2007, the Department of Irrigation conducted a feasibility study for additional 9000 ha of agricultural land, which included 2,500 ha of Fattepur Irrigation System, thus increasing the total command area of Sikta Irrigation Project to nearly 43,000 ha. Sikta Irrigation Project turned out to be an ambitious development scheme, which was capable of irrigating almost all the low lands of Banke District, thus securing a very pivotal position for the long-term economic prosperity of the region.

The project was initially planned to complete in nine years, starting from Fiscal Year 062/63 and ending in Fiscal Year 2070/2071. Due to various reasons, the initial plan was revised and approved in 2071, which is as indicated below.

As a Consultant, CMS has been involved in Sikta Irrigation Project in the following works:

  • Construction supervision and management of the Headworks (317 m long barrage and RC road bridge, settling basin, flushing system) – Phase I, Step 1 – completed.
  • construction and Main Canal of 50 m3/s discharge capacity from 0+614 km to 15+000 km – Phase II, Part 1 – completed.
  • Feasibility Study of Left Side Command Area and Command Area Survey of Sidaniya Branch of Sikta Irrigation Project – completed
  • Detailed Planning, Engineering Design of Branch Canals and Associated Command Area Development of Sikta Irrigation Project (phase III, Part 1) – on going.



Community Irrigation Project

Community Irrigation Project is being implemented by Department of Local Infrastructure Development and Agricultural Roads (DOLIDAR) with grant support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to develop or improve small-scale irrigation systems in 12 districts (Kanchanpur, Kailali, Dang, Kapilvastu in the Terai plains; Doti, Salyan, Rukum, Rolpa, Pyuthan in the hills; and Bajhang, Jumla, Mugu in the mountains) in Nepal through a community-driven process targeted at the poor, women, and other disadvantaged groups.

The targeted communities will intensify and diversify agricultural practices toward higher value crops. With efficient utilization, more reliable and available irrigation water, acquired irrigated agricultural skills, and better access to production inputs, crop yields are expected to increase by at least 15% in the subprojects within 5 years of construction. The project will develop or improve small-scale irrigation systems covering 17,000 ha in 12 districts in Nepal through a community-driven process targeted to the poor farmers and other disadvantaged groups. The project will include surface water irrigation schemes and shallow tube well irrigation schemes in blocks of at least 40 ha.

CMS has undertaken the consulting assignment under the joint venture partnership with Sustainable Infrastructure Development Foundation; Karnali Integrated Rural Development and Research Centre; and Social Empowerment and Building Accessibility Center Nepal.CMS as a lead firm, is responsible for: Project Management and Implementation support to PCU; assistance in the identification and screening of potential subprojects; strengthening water users association (WUAs); undertaking feasibility assessments of screened subprojects using a comprehensive participatory approach; prepare detailed designs and bill of quantities (BOQs); support to water users association (WUAs) in undertaking subproject irrigation works and supervising construction; and developing and implementing agricultural extension programs and linkages to other agricultural support programs. The total duration of the consulting assignment is 56 months starting from July 2012.



Rani Jamara Kulariya Irrigation Project

The Rani Jamara Kulariya Irrigation Project (RJKIP) envisages irrigating about 38,300 ha of land in Kailali District in the Far Western Development Region.  The RJKIP envisages irrigating about 38,300 ha CCA of land (14,300 ha under RJK schemes, 6,000 ha in the north of RJK and east of Pathariya river and 18,000 ha in the west of Pathariya river). The command area, thus, will extend from the Karnali River in the East to the Kangada River in the West and forest boundary in the North to Nepal-India Border in the South.
RJKIP plans to abstract water from the Karnali River near the village of Chisapani, which is where the Karnali River emerges out of the hills and enters into the alluvial plain.  The intake is located just downstream of the East-West Highway bridge across the river.  Around 500 m downstream of the bridge, the Karnali bifurcates into two channels, the Geruwa on the left and the Kaudiyala on the right.  In 1983, a major flood caused the Geruwa to become the major channel, receiving all the flows during the low flow period and most of the flood flows.  This change made it very difficult for the farmers in the Rani, Jamara and Kulariya systems to divert irrigation flows from the Karnali into their canal systems.  Each year the farmers have been excavating a 3 km channel to guide the flow towards the west bank.  In addition, during floods, uncontrolled flows carrying excess water and sediment have been entering the canal systems due to the lack of control structures.  The systems are thus becoming unreliable and ineffective in providing appropriate irrigation supplies.
The Government of Nepal intends to supply reliable irrigation water to the three existing farmers’ managed irrigation systems and to additional area in the north and west of the existing irrigated area (24,300 ha).  Accordingly, the Department of Irrigation (DOI) established a unit office in FY 2008-09 in the Far Western Regional Irrigation Directorate, Dhangadi, to conduct studies for the detailed design and initial environmental examination of this Project.  The RJKIP was established in FY 2010-11 under the DOI at Tikapur, Kailali, to expedite the work of providing assured supply of irrigation water and rehabilitation of the existing systems.
The Project envisages the construction of a permanent side intake at Chisapani, a settling basin at about 4+950 m, a main canal up to 8+875 km (bifurcation point of New Branch Canal), a New Branch Canal of 14.4 km length and a feeder canal of 11.09 km to feed the three existing Rani, Jamara and Kulariya systems.  The new intake at Chisapani will have a capacity of 100 m3/s to supply the three existing systems plus the new area.  A settling basin with hydraulic flushing arrangements has been proposed to remove sediment from the main canal and flush it back into the Karnali River.  The main canal up to the settling basin has been designed for 100 m3/s capacity, including a flushing discharge of 20 m3/s.  The capacity of the main canal from the settling basin to the bifurcation point with the NBC is thus 80 m3/s.  The existing traditional farmers’ systems will also be modernized and rehabilitated with the provision of various structures such as head and cross regulators, secondary and tertiary outlets, cross-drainage structures, road bridges and culverts and farm roads.
CMS has long involvement in this project right from the detailed engineering design. The assignments successfully accomplished as well as on-going in RJKIP are:

  • Engineering survey, geo-technical investigation, detailed design and drawings, and preparation of quantity and cost estimates (headworks-100 m3/s, main/feeder canal-80 m3/s, associated structures, and river training works) – completed.
  • Hydraulic Modeling and Detailed Design of Kulariya (4,500 ha) and Jamara (5,380 ha) Canal Systems – completed.
  • Construction supervision, contract management and quality control of intake (Headworks) structure having diversion capacity of 100 m3/s and river training works of the Project with 38,300 ha command area – completed.
  • Construction Supervision & Contract Management of FC/BC Rehabilitation and Upgrading of Roads, Bridges and Culverts of RJKIP – completed.
  • Construction Supervision, Quality Control & Contract Management of Civil Works in Main Canal of Rani Jamara Kulariya Irrigation Project – on going.
  • Preparation of Detailed Project Report of Extension of Command Area of RJKIP (Lamki area – 6,000 ha) – on going.

Preparation of Detailed Project Report of Command Area Development Study of RJKIS – Phase II – on going.

Irrigation and Water Resource Management

Irrigation and Water Resource Management Project (IWRMP) has four major components.

Component-A: Irrigation Infrastructure Development and Improvement

Component-B: Irrigation Management Transfer

Component-C: Institution and Policy Support for Improved Water Management

Component-D: Integrated Crop and Water Management

The objective of the Irrigation Infrastructure Development and Improvement (Component-A) is to improve irrigation water service delivery in selected schemes in the 40 districts of the western regions and to expand and improve groundwater irrigation in the Terai

Under the Component-A, the initial scope of the IWRMP was to improve and develop about 168 FMIS and 60 deep tube-well (DTW) groundwater schemes covering 26,392 ha and 2,100 ha, respectively.  In addition to the infrastructure development, the project has provision for supporting the capacity building of the Department of Irrigation (DOI) and the WUAs with training, workshops, study tours, foreign training, and technical assistance. This project has focused on institutional development and capacity building of WUA to make them self-sustained. The overall project scope was revised and by the end of July 2014, 134 subprojects covering 19,908 ha and 60 deep tube-wells (DTW) were approved out of which 112 subprojects were completed providing irrigation facilities to 13,832 ha. The remaining 22 subprojects have been reported to be completed by July 2015.

Subsequently, Additional Financing was approved which became effective from July 2014 and the closing date of which is June 30, 2018. Under the scope of IWRMP-AF, Component-A, the scope is to rehabilitate and modernize 75 subprojects covering 6,900 ha and 34 DTWs covering 6,460 ha, thus providing reliable irrigation to 13,360 ha.

CMS provided Technical Assistance Support for the Implementation of Component A, which was completed in June 2014. CMS is again the Technical Assistance Support Consultant for Component A of IWRMP-AF. The service started since March 2016 and will be completed in June 2018.


How To Build A Construction Plan

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The housing industry has proceeded at a red-hot pace for several years running. An all-time record was set in 1998, when 886,000 new-site single family homes were sold. That represented a 10% gain from the robust total of 804,000 homes sold in 1997, and an 8.1% rise from the prior record of 819,000 units in 1977. Single-family housing construction accounted for $48 million of the total $125 million generated in the industry.

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